Aristotle’s Theory of State

Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, and polymath, left a profound mark on various fields, including ethics, metaphysics, and politics. One of his most significant contributions to political theory is his comprehensive understanding of the state, commonly known as the “political community” or “polis.” Aristotle’s theory of the state has stood the test of time and continues to influence political thought and governance even in the modern era

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Part I of the Constitution of India: Union and its Territory

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of the land, providing the framework for governance and the rights and duties of its citizens. It is divided into several parts, with Part I titled “The Union and its Territory.” This crucial section lays the foundation for India’s territorial boundaries, outlines the formation of new states and territories, and bestows powers upon the President and Parliament regarding territorial changes.

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constitution of India


The Indian Preamble is a concise introductory statement that serves as the preamble or preface to the Constitution of India. It was adopted on 26th November 1949 and came into effect on 26th January 1950, when the Indian Constitution was formally enacted, making India a Republic. The Preamble outlines the ideals, objectives, and basic structure