Permanent Settlement of Lord Cornwallis: An Indelible Land Revenue System in Colonial India

The Permanent Settlement, introduced by Lord Cornwallis in 1793, was a significant land revenue system imposed during British colonial rule in India. This revolutionary policy aimed to establish a fixed and permanent revenue collection mechanism from landowners, known as zamindars, with the intention of creating stability and predictability in the administration of land revenue. The policy, while initially perceived as a solution to the complex agrarian issues of the time, had far-reaching implications on the Indian agrarian economy, leading to both positive and negative consequences.

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